Ranthambore Tiger Reserve National Park

Information About Ranthambore National Park :

The Ranthambore National Park, located in Sawai Madhopur – one of the historical districts of Rajasthan, holds a prominent place in the wildlife tourism in the world. Nestled lazily in the foothills of the magnificent hilly terrain of Aravali and Vindhya ranges, the park is the fantastic gateway to an adventure-filled holiday amidst the raw nature along with an unforgettable sighting of exotic wild animals. Witnessing such rich and exceptional wildlife and spending time in the tranquil ambience of a forest is like a tryst with the might of Nature. Rendezvous with the most brutal and beautiful predator our Nature has ever produced, the Royal Bengal Tiger, is a once in a lifetime of experience.

The Ranthambore National Park wraps around 392 sq km in which 282 sq km is a core area and the rest is the buffer area. The tiger reserve zone of the Ranthambore forest which was constituted in 1973, initially spread in around 334 sq km area which further extended in 1991 to the adjacent sanctuaries of Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, currently having 1334 sq km area as a tiger reserve. In the year 1955, this renowned forest was constituted as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary with the status of a wildlife sanctuary and included in the project tiger, a Govt of India initiative to save endangered Tiger species, in 1973. The Ranthambore tiger reserve forest is given the National Park status in 1980 and the adjacent forests were named as the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary in 1984. Sprinkled with a few of the ultimate ancient structures, the Ranthambore National Park is the visual amalgamation of the prehistoric era and the modern era amidst the beauty of the exotic landscape.

The numerous lakes, water channels and water holes that are scattered in the park not only offer tourists an amazing sight but also nourish the flora and fauna of the region. The mighty Ranthambore fort from which the forest drew its name is located on the hill and leans over the Ranthambore Park overlooking the entire forest. Several ancient ruins which are spread around the forest present a spectacular, surprising and stupendous taste of history, wildlife and nature.

The Ranthambore National Park is highly popular among wildlife tourists due to the forest safari offered by the park administration to explore the rich flora and fauna while being a part of it. The majestic Tigers can be seen in the daytime as they don’t get scared by the presence of Jeeps and humans in their natural habitat. So, the experience of witnessing fearless tigers is indeed imaginary for tourists as this is how a real wild tiger actually behaves.

The Ranthambore National Park is undoubtedly a dreamland for any wildlife photographer and enthusiast. The Ranthambore National Park remains open all round the year except July to September as the park remains closed for three months due to the monsoon season. This park is a wonderful destination for wildlife lovers as it provides them an amazing opportunity to explore the best sights of jungle inhabitants. To make the tour to Ranthambore a pleasant experience, there is a range of accommodations from 5-star hotels and resorts to economical hotels are available nearby the park offering an aesthetic stay.

Ranthambhore wildlife sanctuary is known for its Bengal tigers and is a popular place in India to see these animals in their natural jungle habitat. Tigers can be easily spotted even in the daytime. The best times for tiger sightings at Ranthambhore National Park are deemed to be in November and May.

Ranthambore National Park is located about 13.5 kilometers from the city of Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan. Located at the junction of the Aravali and Vindhya hill ranges, this is one of the finest places to view wild animals, especially as they are used to being stared at here. The park covers an area of approximately 400 sq km, and if combined with the area of Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary area, is around 500 sq km.

Ranthambore National Park is dotted with structures that remind you of bygone eras. There are numerous water bodies scattered all across the park, which provide perfect relief to the wild animals during the scorching hot days in summers. A huge fort, after which the park is named, towers over the park atop a hill. There are many ruins of bygone eras scattered all over the jungle, which give it a unique, wonderful and mixed flavour of nature, history and wildlife. Tigers at Ranthambore National park have been known to even hunt in full view of human visitors.

Chances of Tiger Sighting at Ranthambore:

Ranthambore National Park spans on the plateau that gets very little rainfall around the year and due to which, the forest has not so dense greenery except near the water bodies. Also, the Ranthambore forest is a dry deciduous type of forest with the undersized trees which shed their leaves in the summer season. Such ecological arena makes this tiger reserve zone best for the safari tour as it is easier to spot a tiger here. Furthermore, the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve has the 10 tourism zones with the large networks of forest tracks, used for the safari tour, are motorable for most of the year. The good network of safari tracks provides a good opportunity of tracking of a tiger or other wild animals from the Jeep or Canter. All these aspects of this forest offer you some excellent wildlife viewing experience which you will not find in any other wildlife reserve forest of the country.

The visibility is quite good in the forest due to the presence of small shrubby trees and thin patches of tall grasses, and one can spot a tiger even from the long distance by using the binoculars. Besides these, the tigers in the Ranthambore forest are diurnal, which means they used to roam or hunt in the daytime irrespective of the tigers in other places which are nocturnal, which means they hunt or roam in the night and rest in the day. Due to this, many incidents are reported by the safari tourist where they saw the complete hunting process of a tiger. The best thing about the Ranthambore tigers is that they are not shy of safari Jeeps and tourists. They fearlessly pass through or stay seated in rest just beside the safari Jeep providing you ample time to view this majestic predator to your heart’s content.

Also, the safari tracks in the Ranthambore tiger zones are preferably used by the tigers and they usually found walking or resting on the tracks. The tracks are covered with the soft sands and soils, almost devoid of thorns, rocks or dried leaves, so they are very comfortable to walk on as well as tigers can walk on tracks without making any sound while chasing their prey. That’s why tigers prefer the safari tracks and due to this tourist are bestowed with some amazing tiger sighting and even got the chance to be the part of the rare view of a tiger chasing and hunting its prey. However, the tiger sighting is the matter of luck, but most of the tourists get lucky in the Ranthambore tiger reserve forest.

The guides or naturists and the safari drivers are mostly local people who knew this forest since their childhood and have good knowledge of the tiger movement. By observing various signs of tiger movement, they can make a guess about the location of presence of the tiger in the forest at that time. In short, they are well versed in trailing the tiger and able to find the tiger’s sight by their observation ability. They try their best to show you the glimpse of the royal Bengal tiger living in that area.

General Information About the Ranthambore National Park :

Timeline :

1955 – The Ranthambore forest, which was the hunting abode of the Royals of Jaipur Kingdom was declared as a Sanctuary, and named as the Sawai Madhopur Gaming Sanctuary by the Indian Government.
1973 – The forest is chosen for the tiger project and declared as the Tiger Reserve.
1980 – Finally, the famous Ranthambore forest is declared as the National Park of India.
1984 – This year the adjoining forests of Ranthambore are declared as the Sawai Mansingh Wildlife Sanctuary and Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary.
1991 – The Sawai Mansingh and Kailadevi Sanctuaries are incorporated into the tiger reserve zone.

Animals and Birds In Ranthambore :

Mammals : 40 species
Birds : 320 species
Reptiles : 40 species
Amphibian : 02 species
Butterflies : 50 species
Vegetation : 300 species

History of Ranthambore Tiger Reserve

Ranthambore National Park was established initially as Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Government of India. In 1973, it was declared as one of the Project Tiger reserves in India. It was on 1st November, 1980 that Ranthambore was declared a national park, while the forests located beside it were named Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary & Keladevi Sanctuary.

Type pf Greenery:- In the popular national park of Ranthambore the terrain alternates between dry deciduous forests and open grassy meadow. There are about 539 species of flowering plants in Ranthambore National Park. The Dhok tree is the most common type of tree that dots the national park apart from it, mango, tamarind, and banyan are amongst the other tree species that can be found in abundance here. Ranthambore is also famous for housing one of the largest banyan trees in India at Jogi Mahal.

Fauna and Flora In Ranthambore :

Ranthambore national park is one of the most celebrated tiger reserves of India with its own specific flora and fauna which attracts wildlife tourists from all over the world. When it comes to the flora and fauna of a reserve forest, it’s good to start with the fauna first as this is what makes people to visit here often.

Fauna in Ranthambore Reserve Forest:-

Birding and Fauna:- Along with a rich variety of fauna, Ranthambore is also home to a large number of birds making it an important birding destination in India. The national park in Rajasthan which is popular for being a natural habitat for Royal Bengal Tiger is also home to around 320 species of birds that include serpent eagle, waterfowl, cormorant, painted spurfowl, sarus crane, bronzed-winged jacana, sandpiper, kingfisher, nightjar, painted sandgrouse, and great-horned owl. A large number of migratory birds in the winter season also make Ranthambore and its wetlands their home giving bird lovers and ornithologists reasons enough to visit the national park. Most of the birds inhabit the areas around the three large lakes – Padam Talao, Malik Talao and Rajbagh Talao.

The most important birds in Ranthambore includes Graylag Goose, Woodpeckers, Indian Gray Hornbills, Common Kingfishers, Bee Eaters, Cuckoos, Parakeets, Asian Palm Swift, Owl, Nightjars, Pigeon, Dove, Crakes, Snipes, Sandpipers, Gulls, Terns, Great Crested Grebe, Eagles, Darters, Cormorants, Egrets, Herons, Bitterns, Flamingos, Ibis, Pelicans, Storks, Pittas, Shrikes, Treepies, Crows, Orioles, Cuckoo-Shrikes, Minivets, Drongos, Flycatchers, Ioras, Wood Shrikes, Pipits, Bayas, Sparrows, Finches, Wagtails, Munias, Bulbul, Mynas, Falcons etc.

Obviously, the majestic Tiger is the prime and most coveted mammal of this reserve park, which is also the apex predator of this region and comes first in the food chain of the Ranthambore forest. Though the tiger is known to be a nocturnal and solitary predator and a master of stealth hunting skills, but tigers of the Ranthambore park are diurnal in nature due to which they are easily visible in daytime making it one of the most visited reserve forests by tiger lovers.

Wild Animals and Creatures:- Ranthambore boasts being home to a large number of mammals, reptile, and bird species. The national park in Rajasthan is primarily known as the home to Royal Bengal Tigers. Other than this, the national park also has a rich population of leopards, sloth bears, several deer species like chital (spotted deer), marsh crocodile, palm civet, jackal, desert fox, serpent eagle, waterfowl that along with others make 40 species of mammals, 35 species of reptiles and 320 species of birds.

The popular wild animals in Ranthambore includes Tigers, Leopards, Striped Hyenas, Sambar deer, Chital, Nilgai, Common or Hanuman langurs, Macaques, Jackals, Jungle cats, Caracals, Sloth bears, Blackbucks, Rufous-tailed Hare, Indian Wild Boar, Chinkara, Common Palm Civets or Toddy cat, Common Yellow Bats, Desert Cats, Five striped Palm Squirrels, Indian False Vampires, Indian Flying Foxes, Indian Foxes, Indian Gerbilles, Indian Mole Rats, Indian Porcupines, Long-eared Hedgehogs, Ratels, Small Indian Mongoose, Small Indian Civets and Common mongoose.

Apart from the tiger, other big cats of the Ranthambore reserve park are Leopard, Leopard cat, Desert cat, Caracal, Fishing cat and Jungle cat. However, the park is the home to these so many big cats, but the tigers are the lords of this land and rule the region with pride. This forest also provides food and shelter to large predators like Sloth Bear, Jackal, Striped Hyena, Desert fox, Palm civet, crocodile, common mongoose, python and many others. There are few other animals which are found in abundance in these areas are the spotted deer (chital) and Sambhar deer – the two species of antlers along with the Indian Gazelle (Chinkara ) and the Bluebull (Nilgai ) – the two species of antelopes.

Therefore, other than the majestic tiger due to which this region is mostly toured for, watching the beauty and vigor of other animals also are equally enjoyable. Whether its elegance and liveliness of deer or sight of huge crocodile relaxing beside the lake or beautiful bluebull roaming around in the grass field, all these scenes will fill your mind and heart with delight. The plenty of exceptional bird species, which are found here, are the paradise for the bird watcher. The kaleidoscopic waterfowl around the lake or a magnificent Indian eagle soaring in the sky, or vulture perched high on the tree are very enchanting views for birding. There are almost 300 species of resident and migrated birds found in the Ranthambore forest. Few of them are Kingfisher, Painted Spurfowl, Sarus Crane, large Cormorant, Bronzed winged Jacana, Sandpiper, Nightjar, Great horned owl, Painted Sandgrouse and many others.

Reptiles and wild animals:- The park also has a large number of marsh crocs Reptiles, Snub Nosed Marsh Crocodiles, Desert Monitor Lizards, Tortoise, Banded Kraits, Cobras, Common Kraits, Ganga Soft Shelled Turtles, Indian Pythons, North Indian Flap Shelled Turtles, Rat Snakes, Russel’s Vipers, Saw-scaled Vipers and the Indian Chamaeleon.

Flora in the Ranthambore Reserve Forest:

The captivating natural surroundings of the forest of Ranthambore and the tranquility here are profoundly relaxing and the delight for the mind. The blend of the dense green region and the sparse shrubbery in the desert region makes this land a unique site for nature lovers. It is estimated that there are nearly 300 species of vegetation found in and around the Ranthambore reserve forest. The area in the proximity of the Thar Desert gets very scant rainfall so the plant life here consists mainly of dry deciduous type.

The most dominant plant of all the plant species of the Ranthambore National Park is the ‘Dhok’, also known as the biological name of Anogeissus pendula. This tropical tree constitutes of more than three-fourth of the vegetation of this national forest. This tree has the height of up to 15 meters and its shrubs and fruits constitute major foods for the animals such as Deer, Antelope and Nilgai. The Dhok tree can also grow in the shallow soil but with limited growth and small in height.

Apart from the Dhok tree, the other prime trees of this park are Banyan (Ficus bengalensis), Pipal (Ficus religiosa) and Neem (Azadirachta indiaca). These trees have religious as well as medicinal values. The fruit trees which are prominently found in the Ranthambore are the Mango(Magnifera indica), Tamarind (Tamarindicus indica) also known as Imli, Jamun (Syzygium cumini) also known as the Indian blackberry and Ber (Zizyphus mauritania). The Chhila (Butea monosperma), also known as the flame of the forest due to its bright orange color, enhance the beauty of the landscape here and offers fabulous scene for nature lovers.

Apart from these prominent trees, few other flora which are found in the park are the Babul (Accasia nilotica), Gum (Sterculia urens), Gurjan (Lannea coromandelica), Kadam (Authocephalus cadamba), Khair (Accacia catechu), Khajur (Phoenix sylvestris), Kakera (Flacourtia indica), Karel (Capparis decidua), Khimi (Manilkara hexandra), Kikar (Acacia nilotica), Mahua (Madhuca indica), Salar (Boswellia serrata), Kulu (Sterculia urens), Ronj (Acacia leucophloea), Tendu (Diospyrous melanoxylon) and others. Lotus and water lilies are the prime aquatic flowers found in the lakes of Ranthambore National Park and the edges of the lakes are draped with Khus grass.

The Ranthambore national park is located at the edge of a plateau between the Banas River and the Chambal River and encompasses many perennial lakes, narrow valley, slender river streams and steep hills. It is a dense tropical dry forest with raw bushland and grassy meadowland.

A tour to Ranthambore national park will offer you the unmatched experience in totality with the rich variety of flora and fauna found here. With its diurnal tigers, the Ranthambore Park is the most famous tiger reserve in India among the tiger lovers.

Jungle Safari Timings:- The Safari Timings in Ranthambore National Park for both the entry & exit varies according to the season, whether it is the summer season or the winter season. During the winters, the daylight hours are shorter while during the summers, the daylight hours are longer. The entry timings in the park begin a little later during the summers, and same is the case with exit timings. The morning safaris are conducted from 7: AM to 10:30 AM, while the evening safaris are conducted from 2:30 PM to 6:00 PM. The timings may vary a little depending on the particular season. Further details are available on the chart below.

S.No Month Morning Time Evening Time
1 1st October to 31st October 6.30 AM to 10.00 AM 2.30 PM to 6.00 PM
2 1st November to 31st January 7.00 AM to 10.30 AM 2.00 PM to 5.30 PM
3 1st February to 31st March 6.30 AM. to 10.00 AM 2.30 PM to 6.00 PM
4 1st April to 15th May 6.00 AM to 9.30 AM 3.00 PM to 6.30 PM
5 15th May to 30th June 6.00 AM to 9.30 AM 3.30 PM to 7.00 PM

Safari Zone:- There are 10 safari zones in Ranthambore National Park: Zones 1-10. Although the park initially had just 5 Zones, the other 5 were added as it grew in popularity. Even though it is believed that Zones 1-5 are the best for spotting tigers, Zones 6-10 also offer sufficient opportunities for tiger sighting. Among these, Zone 2, dotted with numerous water holes, is the most important zone in the park where several animals are regularly spotted, including leopards. Zone 6 Kundal is different from all the other zones, both in terms of its landscape & the opportunities for spotting birds, including the endangered Red-Headed Vultures.

  • Zone 1: The entry to the zone through Singh Dwar. This zone is more of a buffer zone which is home to T-39 and T-57. This zone has been very popular due to return of Noor (T-39) along with her 3 cubs and numerous sightings have been reported during end of 2016 and early 2017. Other places where you can spot a big cat in this zone are Tuti ka Nalla, Amreshwar Dang, Sultanpur, Peela Pani and Gada Dub.
  • Zone 2: This zone is one of the most important zones and a good number of sightings are reported from this zone. The fact that it has water holes and the cats in this zone T19, T22, T72, T57, T28, T60, T39. The important points in this point where there are sightings are: Jogi Mahal, Phuta Kot, Phuta Bandha, Lahpur Tiraha, Nal Ghati. Sightings of leopard from this zone are reported too.
  • Zone 3: Jogi Mahal, Padam Talab, High Point, Raj Bagh and Mandook. Our primary points where there are sightings reported. Padam Talab is one of the vantage points where you can wait to see some big cat action from T-19 and T-28 are seen in this zone.
  • Zone 4: This zone has lots of places where the shy cats come out, this also used to be home of the most famous tigress of Ranthambore – Machli. After here, the other cats which can be seen in this zone are T-28, T-64, T-19, T-75, T-41 and T-25. The important points in this point where there are sightings are: Singh Dwar, Malik Talab, Lakkad Da, Adidaant, Lambi, Tamakhan and berda.
  • Zone 5: The entry to this zone is the same as zone 4 and has a few common spots for sighting. The points are Singhdwar, Anantapur, Jokhang, Dhaka, Kachida, Baghdad and Bakola. The big cats spotted in this zone are T-25, T-28, T-17, T-74 and T-75.
    Zone 6-10 were added later to the sanctuary and access to these zones is at the exact opposite end as that of from 1-5. To enter these zones the gipsies and canters go through the old city.
  • Zone 6 (Kundal): Shares its boundaries with zone 1 and there are high chances of spotting T-39 (Noor) with her cubs here too. The landscape of this zone is quite different from zone 1-5 and has more open grasslands with huge mountains in the backdrop. You can spot the Indian gazelle and have the opportunity to spot birds too. (Including the endangered Red-headed Vultures)
    The points where the tigers have been spotted in this zone are Kala Pani, Saran Ka Pattha, Patwa Ki Baori, Khabli and Soleshwar.
    The other Tigers in this one seen are T-34, T-39, T-57 and T-8.
    Since this zone is close to the village, cattle do go astray and reports of Kumbha (T-34) killing and feeding on the cattle have been reported.
  • Zone 7 (Chidikho): This zone has a fewer point compared to the rest, the big cats have been spotted at Chidikho, Jamoda, Kushalipura, Rajbagh Naka. T-8 and T-34 have been spotted in this zone.
  • Zone 8 (Balas): The tigers spotted here are same as the ones in zone 7 (T-8 and T-34). The spots where they were spotted at are: Balas, Kherai, Kali, Neemli Dang, Bhat, Mahakho.
  • Zone 9 (Kuwal ji): This zone is about 45 minutes away from the Tiger reserve and is located at the banks of river Chakal river. This is home to T-42 (Fateh), an aggressive male who is known to chase the forest department vehicles and has been captured on trap cams killing a sloth bear too! Other than T-42, T-59 can be spotted too. This zone is also home to Caracals, Sloth bears and aquatic birds.
  • Zone 10 (Aantri): In this zone other than Birds the tigers can be spotted at Mantri , Kushalipura, Bodal, Honda and Banskhori. Tigers in this zone spotted are T-13, T-42 and T-43.
  • How To Reach Ranthambore :- One of the most celebrated tiger reserve forests in India, The Ranthambore national park is situated in the Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan state in India. The park is well connected through the rail and road with the all major cities of India. Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan, is around 160 km from the park and is also the nearest airport. Reaching at the Ranthambore Park is easy for tourists from any corner of the world. Here is detailed information on how to reach the Ranthambore National Park.

Ranthambore, the popular wildlife attraction in Rajasthan, is well connected with all the major cities in India. However, the easiest way to reach Ranthambore National Park is to take a train to Sawai Madhopur Railway Station, which is connected to cities like Jaipur, Mumbai, and Delhi.

If tourists are travelling by air, then Jaipur is the nearest airport, which is well connected to the major cities of India. Many popular airlines operate daily flights to Jaipur from other many cities of India. International tourists can either board their flights at Jaipur International Airport or Delhi Airport and then take a cab or train to reach Ranthambore National Park. Here’s information about the nearest airport & railway station to Ranthambore and national highways which connect Ranthambore to other cities.

By Air: The nearest airport to reach Ranthambore National Park is Sanganer Airport in Jaipur. The distance between Jaipur and Ranthambore is about 180 km and there are regular flights for Jaipur from all the major cities including, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, etc. The tourists can take a direct taxi or bus from Sanganer Airport to reach Ranthambore safely.

The nearest airport to Ranthambore is situated in Rajasthan’s capital city, Jaipur. The national park sits at a distance of around 200 km from Jaipur International Airport. Cabs are readily available from the airport to the park.

Jaipur Airport is well-connected to almost all the major cities in India like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bengaluru etc. The airport is also connected to several international destinations such as Sharjah, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Muscat and Bangkok. All the major domestic airlines like Indigo, Air India, SpiceJet operate flights to Jaipur. International Airlines like Air Arabia, Air Asia X, Oman Air, Thai AirAsia and Thai Smile operate flights to Jaipur.

By Rail: The nearest railway station that connects Ranthambore National Park to other important cities is Sawai Madhopur Railway Station, which is located at a distance of 10 km from the park. The tourists can avail local bus, taxi, or cab to reach the Ranthambore park smoothly.

The nearest railway station to Ranthambore National Park is situated in Sawai Madhopur. The railway station is at a distance of 14 km from the national park which is known for its rich tiger population and other flora & fauna.

Another close railway station is situated in Jaipur, at a distance of 200 km from the park. Cabs on hire are available for Ranthambore National Park from Jaipur easily. Both Jaipur and Sawai Madhopur enjoy good rail connectivity to many major cities of India making reaching Ranthambore quite an easy task.

By Road: Ranthambore is well connected with all the major cities and towns through state bus service and it can be reached through private buses and taxis. Jaipur, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Ajmer, and Jodhpur can be easily travelled from Ranthambore.

Ranthambore enjoys good road connectivity. National Highways and State Highways pass by this popular national park in India making it quite easy to reach. NH 8 AND NH 11A connect it to Delhi, while NH 76 connects Ranthambore to Udaipur and Ahmedabad. NH 3 connects Ranthambore to Mumbai. On the other side, Rajasthan State Highways also connect the national park to many places; SH 24 connects Ranthambore to Rajasthan’s capital city, Jaipur, and SH 1 joins Agra and Bharatpur to the national park.

There is no direct bus to Ranthambore National Park, but visitors can first reach Jaipur or Sawai Madhopur and from their book a cab to the park. Jaipur sits at a distance of about 200 km and Sawai Madhopur is only 14 km from Ranthambore. Other cities like Delhi, Agra, Udaipur, and Mumbai are 381 km, 239 km, 388 km, and 1031 km away from Ranthambore, respectively.

  • Delhi to Ranthambore: 381 Km (Approx. 6 Hours via NH8 and NH 11A)
  • Jaipur to Ranthambore: 180 Km (Approx. 3h via Rajasthan State Hwy 24)
  • Udaipur to Ranthambore: 388 Km (Approx. 6h 10 min via NH 76 and RJ SH 29)
  • Agra to Ranthambore: 239 Km (Approx. 4h 23 min via RJ SH 1)
  • Bharatpur to Ranthambore: 202 Km (Approx. 3h 37 min via RJ SH 1)
  • Ahmedabad to Ranthambore: 640 Km (Approx. 9h 47 min via NH8 and NH 76)
  • Mumbai to Ranthambore: 1031 Km (Approx. 16 h 51 min via NH 3)

Type Of Safari:- Visitors to Ranthambore National Park can enjoy two types of safaris: Jeep & Canter Safaris. While the Canter is a 20 seater vehicle, the Jeep is a 6 seater vehicle. You can either book the 6 seater Jeep or select a Sharing Jeep Safari. Jeeps should be booked 90 days in advance, although last-minute bookings are available. Jeep safaris are available between 1st October & 30th June. Canter Safari is ideal for those who are visiting in large groups. Last-minute booking options are also available. Cater Safari is available between 1st October & 30th June. A wildlife safari lasts for around 3 hours in Ranthambore. The safari will be a guided tour so you get the best wildlife spotting experience.

How many Tigers are there in Ranthambore:- According to the latest available data, there are a total of 71 tigers in Ranthambore National Park. In Sariska Tiger Reserve, another famous wildlife park in Rajasthan, there are a total of 16 tigers while Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve has a total of 4 tigers, which includes both tigers and cubs.

Facts & Figures In Ranthambore :

Spread over the area of 392 sq. km in which 274 sq. km is the core zone and 118 sq. km is the buffer zone, the Ranthambore tiger reserve park is located in the Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan state of India. As the Ranthambore forest is the reserved tiger park, The Indian tiger or the Bengal tiger (Panthera Tigris) is the prime and most revered species in the park. The forest is incorporated into the tiger project in 1973 and later in 1980 declared as the national park. The Ranthambore reserve national park is the largest stretch of Anogeissus pendula (Dhok) forest in India. The land is the home to more than 40 species of mammals as well as around 320 species of birds, approx 40 species of reptiles and more than 300 of flora species.

This tiger reserve is small in the area compared to the many other tiger reserves of India. Due to which, tiger spotting is easier than other parks. Also, the forest of Ranthambore remains dry for around 9 months in a year, making it one of the most visited parks in the country and chances of catching a sight of the majestic tiger is rather high. The park is currently having the total count of the tiger around 63 in which 40-45 are adult tigers and the remaining are cubs and semi-adult. The tigers at Ranthambore are usually of diurnal nature and hence can be easily spotted during the daytime, in the visiting hour of tourist safari.

facts-figures

The park was first established in 1955 by the Indian government as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary which later in 1973 declared as the tiger reserve forest. The adjoining forests were given the name of Sawai man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, which are also incorporated in the tiger project and declared as the part of the tiger reserve area of Ranthambore Park. The park is located at about 160 km southeast of Jaipur, which is the capital of Rajasthan state and also the nearest airport. The nearest railway station is the Sawai Madhopur station, which is 11 km away from the forest entry gate. The park is well connected to the major cities of Rajasthan as well as to the Delhi through the highways and can be reached very easily by road.

The Ranthambore national park got its name from the historic Ranthambore Fort, which is situated inside the park. Enclosed by the Banas River, also known as Van Ki Asha, in the north and Chambal River in the south, the Ranthambore national park touches the borders of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh borders, the two states of India. This park is considered as the best place to see the Bengal Tiger and other wildlife.

Few Facts and Figures about the Ranthambore National Park :

  • Total Area – 1334 sq. km.
  • Core Area –392.50 sq. km.
  • Latitudes –25 4′ N to 21 12′ N
  • Longitudes –76 17′ E to 77 13′ E
  • Nearest Airport – Jaipur (160 km)
  • Nearest Railway Station – Sawai Madhopur (10 km)

Type of Forest – Dry deciduous Dhok Forest :

  • River – Banas River & Chambal River
  • Hills – Range of Aravali Hill and Vindhya Hill
  • Temperature – highest of 48 degree Celsius in summer and lowest of 2 degree Celsius in winter
  • Annual Rain Fall – 800 mm

Park Entry and Exit Time- :

  • From March to June – 06:30 am to 09:30 am 03:30 pm to 06:30 pm
  • From Oct to Feb – 07:00 am to 10:00 am 02:30 pm to 05:30 pm
  • Park is closed from July to September for visitors. 

Ranthambore National Park Fort:- Stands royally on the edge of Ranthambore national park, The Ranthambore Fort is the world heritage site situated in the Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan. The fort got its name from the two adjacent hills Rann and Thambore. It is built on the Thambore hill, 481 meters above the sea level, overlooking the hills of Rann. The fort has witnessed the numerous battles of every possible magnitude and has seen the changing dynamics of the imperial era of Rajasthan. The fort is situated in the vicinity of the Vindhya and Aravali hill ranges and offers amazing views of a large forest, valleys and lakes. The Ranthambore national park named after this fort, which situated in the forest.

The history of the Fort goes back to around the 10th century and ever since it has been built, the fort caught the eyes of various mighty rulers who tried to capture this fort. This fort was strategically placed and has been considered as the feather in the crown of rulers who conquered it. The Ranthambore Fort was considered as invincible when built. Though later it was conquered few times but was very tough to conquer. Having been at the centre of the historical developments in Rajasthan, The fort has witnessed the glorious days and heroism of Hammir dev of the mighty Chauhan dynasty. The fort was under the Maharajas of Jaipur until the Jaipur kingdom became the part of the Indian Dominion.

The fort is spread over an area of around 4 sq. km with the length of the wall of the fort is about 7km. There are many ruins of houses, temples, palaces and step-wells can be seen in and around the fort. The long enormous wall that surrounds the fort has been built with the massive stones. Once considered invincible, the wall has enough towers and bastions, which were used to fortify the fort when attacked. The main access path to the fort passes through the narrow valley and had four fortified gateways. Among the four gates, only one gate named Misradhara gate is survived the numerous wars and plight of time, and still standing here. The ruins of buildings such as Hammir Kachahari, Hammir Palace, Battis Chamba Chhatri, Badal Mahal, Phansi Ghar and many others, which were the pride of the fort, can be seen inside the fort.

The fort has many tombs, temples, mosques, step-wells and gates, mostly turned into the ruins, but few are still standing here, even after a long era has passed since it had been built. There are three main temples in the fort, which are visited and worshipped. Among them, the Trinetra Ganesh temple is the most famous temple and is located just inside the main entry gate. It attracts a large chunk of devotees from the nearby towns and villages. During the Ganesh festival, the temple sees thousands of Ganesh devotees from all over the country. This temple has one interesting aspect, which is the invitation mail to Lord Ganesh. People used to send mail to invite Lord Ganesh if any auspicious ceremony is going to take place in their life, mostly the wedding invitation. The temple got many such letters delivered by the postman of the area.

The scenic beauty around the fort is very enchanting to watch from the fort. Every corner of the fort provides you the enchanting overlooking views of hills, valleys, lakes and the 5000-hectare wide national park. The Ranthambore Fort is a place which shouldn’t be missed if you are visiting Ranthambore. Wednesday is known to be the day of the Lord Ganesha and is the best day to visit this fort as local peoples dressed in their local dresses visit to pray at the Ganesha temple.

The Climate of Ranthambore

Like every other place, the Ranthambore also has to face the three main seasons – Summer, Winter and Monsoon. Summer season spreads from the last of March to the last of June. During these months, the day temperature reaches at 40 degree Celsius and the night temperature remains around 30 degree Celsius. In the month of May and June, the temperature even crosses 45 degree Celsius making the day very hot. The wind gets very dry and the sun piercingly hot. During this season, the tigers and other large predators spend their time in the valleys or in the dense area of the forest or near the water bodies.

After the summer season ends, comes the monsoon, which starts from the month of July and stays up to September. During these months the park remains closed for any kind of tourist activities. The winter season starts from November and stays till the end of February. During this time, the day temperature lingers around the 20 degree Celsius, but the night temperature drops at the 10 degree Celsius or even lesser at the 2 degree Celsius between the last week of December and the first half of January. There are also the most chances of having the dense fog in the early morning and late night during the peak winter season.

When it comes to the best time to visit Ranthambore National Park, the tourist visit increases from the start of November to mid of December and from the mid of January up to the mid of April. During these time periods, the climate is pleasant and touring can be hassle-free and fun. Moreover, the forest is bustling with the lush greenery and the lakes are filled with aquatic flowers offering a mesmerizing view during this period. However, if you can handle the summer heat of May and June then you can visit the Ranthambore forest during these months too. But, you have to be prepared beforehand to combat the summer heat. You should carry full-sleeved cotton dresses, hat, black goggles and a high SPF sunscreen lotion to fight the scorching heat.

Best Time to Visit Ranthambore National Park

Best Time To Visit:– The popular wildlife destination in India, Ranthambore National Park remains open between October and June. The winter season between October and March is considered the best time to visit Ranthambore National Park due to the pleasant weather condition when the temperature ranges between comfortable 10℃ and 30℃. During this season, animals can be seen in the broad daylight basking under the sun.

In the months between April and June (summer season), Ranthambore experiences hot and humid weather with the mercury rising up to 40℃. The month of April is still comfortable with temperatures not exceeding more than 30 – 35℃. However, May and June are extremely hot months. During the summers though, one has more chances of sighting tigers and other animals who frequently have to visit the water holes to keep themselves hydrated.

In the monsoon season between July and September, many of the zones of Ranthambore National Park remain closed for the visitors. The core of the national park with Gates 1 to 5 remain closed in the monsoon; the buffer zone with Gate 6 to 10 remain open in this season.

The Ranthambore National Park is open for the safari tour for the visitors from the 1st October to the 30th June every year as per the entry timing of the particular season. For the remaining months of the year, the park is closed for the visitors due to the monsoon season. Though one can enjoy the safari and savor the view of the majestic tiger anytime between the allowed months, but from November to April is considered as the best time to visit Ranthambore tiger reserve as the weather is pleasant around this time and the nature is in its full bloom around this time enhancing the beauty of the forest.

Winter Season – Within October to March

winter-season-ranthmboreThe winter season, from October to march, is the most preferred season to visit Ranthambore Park by the visitors as the cool weather has its own charm and the forest is bustling with greenery after the rainy season making the surroundings very pleasing and enchantingly beautiful. The flowers are in full bloom which adds a luster to the area around the lakes and other water bodies. Also, many migratory birds visit the park in the winter, which will be a real feast for the eyes of bird lovers. If you are traveling during the midwinter season between last December and early January, you must carry the enough winter clothes to keep you warm in the wilderness of the forest.

Summer Season – April to June Months

summer-season-ranthmboresOf course, the summer season, from April to June, is the least preferred season to visit this park due to the unbearable hot weather. The Ranthambore park is adjacent to the Thar desert and due to this the place is real hot in daytime and the temperature usually goes higher, up to the 48 degree Celsius. Though, it is very difficult for most of the people to roam around the forest in the scorching sun in this season, but if you can tolerate the hot climate then you should visit during this season due to the two reasons: one is there is less crowd in this season and the second is there is a higher chance to trace the majestic tiger in this season, mostly in and around the water bodies of this forest. But of course, don’t forget to keep sunscreens, scarves, and sleeved cotton dresses with you to fight the blazing sun outside.

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