Overview About Keoladeo National Park:-
Keoladeo National Park, popularly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, is located in the Bharatpur in Rajasthan, and recognised as one of the world’s most important bird breeding and feeding grounds. It is a haven for bird lovers as it’s home to a wide variety of indigenous & migratory water birds. Around 370 species of birds inhabit the park, besides various mammals like deer & nilgai, and reptiles like the basking python.
Keoladeo National Park was once a royal hunting & game reserve for the Maharajas and the British. It was recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985. It is interesting to note that Keoladeo National Park is the only one of its kind in India which is enclosed by a 2 meters boundary wall to fend off encroachments.
Flora & Fauna in Keoladeo National Park
Keoladeo National Park is spread across 2,873 hectares of woodlands, grasslands, wetlands & woodland swamps. The vegetation here is of a dry deciduous type, with medium-sized trees & shrubs found inside its forest. Some of the trees which can be commonly spotted inside the park are Kadam, Jamun, babul, Kandi, ber, kair & piloo.
Keoladeo National Park is home to 370 species of birds. A large number of aquatic birds from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Siberia & China visit the park. In fact, it is the only region in India where the critically endangered Siberian Crane can be spotted during the winters. Some of the birds which you can expect to spot here are cranes, pelicans, eagles, wagtails, spotted bill duck, white-breasted kingfisher, moorhen, painted stork, partridge, magpie robin, honey buzzard, rose-ringed parakeet & green footed yellow pigeon.
Animals Found in Keoladeo National Park:– The mammalian fauna of Keoladeo National Park is equally rich with 27 identified species. Primates include rhesus macaque and Hanuman langur. Nilgai, feral cattle and chital deer are common while sambar are few. Other ungulates present include blackbuck, hog deer and nilgai.
Safaris:– There are many types of safaris are available at Keoladeo National Park
Cycle/rickshaw/horse tongas safaris are conducted inside the Bharatpur National Park. Safaris start from 8 AM and are available till 5 PM. Most tourists prefer taking the cycle rickshaw safari as it’s noiseless & lets them spot a greater number of birds. You can also rent bicycles and take a cycle tour of the park. To hire a cycle, you will have to submit your identification card at the counter.
Keoladeo National Park timings:– The park is open from 6:30 AM to 5 PM during winters, and 6 AM to 6 PM throughout the rest of the year.
Keoladeo National Park can be visited at any time of the year, as it is open throughout the year. August to November is the best time to visit it to spot the resident breeding birds, while October to February is when you can spot a variety of migrant birds. Some migratory birds, however, can also be spotted during March. During the winters, it can get quite foggy both during the day and night.
Keoladeo National Park is a vast bird sanctuary and former royal game reserve in the north Indian state of Rajasthan. South of the ancient city of Bharatpur, the park’s woods and man-made wetlands protect over 350 species of migratory and resident birds, including herons, cormorants and eagles. To the southeast, Fatehpur Sikri is home to sandstone temples and a mosque, built by Emperor Akbar in the 16th century.
Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park is formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India is a famous avifauna sanctuary that hosts thousands of birds, especially during the winter season. Over 230 species of birds are known to be resident.
Keoladeo National Park, located in the State of Rajasthan, is an important wintering ground of Palaearctic migratory waterfowl and is renowned for its large congregation of non-migratory resident breeding birds.