Overview About Kaziranga National Park-(Assam):-
Kaziranga National Park is a protected area in the northeast Indian state of Assam. Spread across the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River, its forests, wetlands and grasslands are home to tigers, elephants and the world’s largest population of Indian one-horned rhinoceroses. Ganges River dolphins swim in the park’s waters. It’s visited by many rare migratory birds, and grey pelicans roost near Kaziranga village.
Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India. The sanctuary, which hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses, is a World Heritage Site.
Who and When Built-in:- Turned up in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, Kaziranga National Park dates back to the early 20th century, when an American lady ‘Baroness Mary Victoria Leiter Curzon‘, who was the wife of Lord Curzon (The Viceroy of India), visited Kaziranga in the year 1904.
Animals Found in Kaziranga National Park:- Kaziranga is home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 (now the highest tiger density is in Orang National Park, Assam). The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.
In the heart of Assam, this park is one of the last areas in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence. It is inhabited by the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds.
Lions and Species:- The UNESCO world heritage site Kaziranga National Park has got lions too? … The floods this year have submerged about 95 per cent of the park and killed 220 animals till Wednesday including 20 rhinos, 120 Hog Deers, one elephant and many others.
Numbers of Tigers are there in Kaziranga National Park:- GUWAHATI: Latest estimates show that there are 104 tigers in the Kaziranga National Park and Burachapori, about 250 km from here.
Kaziranga National Park:- Located in the Nagaon and Golaghat districts on the edge of Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot, the Kaziranga National Park is counted among India’s top wildlife hotspots. Spread across 430 square kilometres, the park comprises vast elephant-grass meadows, dense forests, and swampy lagoons. It is famed for its Indian one-horned rhinoceros and is home to 2/3rd (2200) of the global population.
The National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was founded in 1908 on the recommendation of the spouse of India’s then Viceroy, Lord Curzon. When Mary Curzon visited the park and failed to spot even a single Indian rhinoceros, she persuaded Lord Curzon to take action for the conservation of the dwindling species which led to the formation of Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest in 1905.
In addition to the one-horned rhinos, visitors will come across a wide variety of mammals, ranging from wild water buffalo to elephants. Over the past few decades, the tiger population in the park has steadily grown, leading to its recognition as a Tiger Reserve in 2006.
Kaziranga is also popular among bird watchers since it is frequented by white-fronted goose, black-necked stork, ferruginous duck, Asian Openbill stork, Baer’s pochard duck, and several other Central Asian migratory birds.
The National Park offers exquisite panoramic views of the vast grasslands, dense tropical forests, and the Brahmaputra River, all of which make it an ideal destination for all nature lovers.
Visitors can acquaint themselves with the extensive wildlife conservation initiatives carried out here which has led to the growing numbers of several endangered species.
Park Overview at a Glance
Flora of Kaziranga National Park
Four distinct kinds of vegetation can be found in Kaziranga National Park, owing to the difference in altitude between the western and eastern areas of the park. Alluvial inundated grasslands, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, alluvial savanna woodlands, tropical wet evergreen and tropical semi-evergreen forests comprise the flora in Kaziranga National Park.
Visitors will come across sugarcanes, elephant grass, spear grass, Indian gooseberry trees, elephant apple trees, cotton trees and others while traversing the grasslands. The dense evergreen forests are lined with trees such as Talauma hodgsonii, Garcinia tinctoria, Albizia procera, Dillenia indica, and Duabanga Grandiflora. A wide range of aquatic flora can be spotted in and around the multiple water bodies.
Fauna in Kanha National Park
As we’ve mentioned before, the Indian one-horned rhinoceros is the prime attraction of the Kaziranga National Park. Owing to the diverse flora of the region, several other animals reside in the park. It is home to over 30 mammal species, including the world’s largest population of wild Asiatic water buffalo and eastern swamp deer. Visitors will come across herbivore mammals such as elephants, sambar, guar, Indian muntjac and hog deer, during a wildlife safari here.
The National Park is among the few wild breeding areas in Asia for leopards and Royal Bengal Tigers. Some of the rare animals to look out for include hispid hare, fishing cat, Bengal fox, Indian grey mongoose and particoloured flying squirrel, Assamese macaque, Ganges dolphins, and golden langur. Several water birds, migratory birds, and game birds visit Kaziranga, making it a haven for bird watchers. Most popular birds include Blyth’s kingfisher, Dalmatian pelican, black-bellied tern, eastern imperial, and Pallas’s fish eagle.
Safari Timings in Kaziranga National Park:-
A visit to the Kaziranga National Park is incomplete without a jungle safari, which is unarguably the best way to spot animals and soak in the scenic beauty. Visitors can opt for a jeep tour.
Where to Stay in Kaziranga National Park:- A visit to the Kaziranga National Park is incomplete without a jungle safari, which is unarguably the best way to spot animals and soak in the scenic beauty. Visitors can opt for a jeep tour.
How To Reach Kaziranga National Park:- The Kaziranga National Park can be reached by the following means of transportation:
Best Time To Visit Kaziranga National Park:- Kaziranga National Park remains closed from 1st May till 31st October for all visitors. The best time to visit is from November to April.