Jaisalmer means the Hill Fort of Jaisal. Jaisalmer is sometimes called the “Golden City of India” because the yellow sandstone used throughout the architecture of both the fort and the town below, imbues both with a certain golden-yellow light.
“Jaisalmer” means “the Hill Fort of Jaisal“. Jaisalmer is sometimes called the “Golden City of India” because the yellow sand and the yellow sandstone used in every architecture of the city gives a yellowish-golden tinge to the city and its surrounding area.
Beyond the dazzling royal cities of Rajasthan lies Jaisalmer– the gateway to the Thar Desert and a popular tourist destination in India that is notable for its incredible yellow stone architecture, the Jaisalmer Fort, also known as ‘Sonar Quila’.
Maharawal Mulraj Singh II – Became a British protectorate in 1818 as a result of poor administration of ministers Swarup Singh and his son Salim Singh. Maharajadhiraj Maharawal Raghunath Singh – Last ruler of Jaisalmer; functions and titles abolished by Indian Constitution in 1971.
The Jaisalmer Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is India’s only ‘living’ fort. Built in 1156 by the king Rawal Jaisal, the fort has a population of around 5,000 people — mostly descendants of Brahmin and Rajput families who once lived here.